Public Speaking: 3 Ways to Avoid the Worst Mistakes

As the saying goes, “You only really live once,” and that’s why I consider public speaking to be one of the greatest skills a person can have. It helps you communicate more effectively, build rapport with others, and even become better at your job. However, you may have experienced public speaking anxiety.

If you’re looking for ways to improve your public speaking skills, look no further! I’ll walk you through some tips on researching your topic, what to wear when presenting, how to get over nervousness, how to engage people in your performance, and more.

Start with the end in mind. Know the purpose of your talk

You can’t convince people of your point of view if you don’t know what it is. That’s why the first step in public speaking is to start with the end in mind. What do you want your audience to remember? What do they need to know after they leave? Take a moment now and write down your talk’s purpose—that is, what message would fulfill that purpose if delivered perfectly?

Next, think about how all of those points will fit together into an order that makes sense. If there are supporting arguments for any one particular main point, what are they? Are there any common threads between them worth highlighting?

Have a few options for how these might be presented (for example: “First, this happened; then this happened,” or “A,” “B,” and “C”), then choose whichever one seems best suited to convey the idea as clearly as possible. Finally, determine how all of these details will be organized into an overarching conclusion that sums up their significance and leaves your audience with something memorable.

Develop one message and stick to it.

To make your speech memorable, you’ll need to develop just one message and stick to it. By developing one central idea, you’re able to deliver a clear and concise speech that’s easy for your audience to understand.

In order to create the main message, first think about what your central idea is going to be. What do you want the audience members to take away from your presentation? Once you’ve identified this key point, think of how it connects with the topic at hand (if there is one) and come up with an interesting way of presenting it so that it stands out from other speeches they may have heard before.

For example: “It’s not always easy being green” connected with a story about her favorite childhood toys or hobbies could help keep audiences engaged throughout her talk.

Think about your audience first.

The most important step in preparing to speak is to think about what your audience wants to hear. This begins by making sure you’re speaking to the right audience and considering their expectations, interests, and level of knowledge.

  • What do they want to hear? The first thing you should do when preparing for a speech is consider who will be listening. What is their goal in attending this event? Do they want information on a particular topic? Are they looking for an entertaining speaker or something more serious?
  • How much do they already know about your topic? It’s also important to understand how much the audience already knows about your topic, or if there are misconceptions that need correcting before you begin talking. You may need different strategies depending on whether people know very little or quite a bit about the subject matter—the former will require more explanation while the latter means you’ll probably only need some clarification regarding certain details rather than an entire overview of everything from start-to-finish (which would be boring!).
public speaking
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Use stories, examples, and analogies. These put abstract ideas into concrete terms that people can easily understand.

When you’re speaking to an audience, you want them to be able to relate your ideas and concepts to the world around them. When you use stories, examples, or analogies, you put abstract ideas into concrete terms that people can easily understand. Good stories can help listeners visualize a topic in their minds; good examples can give them a better understanding of what it feels like to have certain things happen, and good analogies can show how two seemingly unrelated things are actually closely connected.

In order for this technique to work effectively:

  • The story should be relevant to the topic at hand and should show how things work without going into too many details (or if they do go into details, they should be brief). For example: “I was late getting home because my car broke down on the way,” tells us why someone got home late but not much else about his or her life. A better version would say something like “I was late getting home because my car broke down on the way—and then I had trouble finding a tow truck.” This gives us more information about where he or she lives as well as how he or she felt while looking for help!
  • The example should demonstrate something clearly so that everyone understands its significance (you don’t want any confusion). For instance: “My favorite color is green.” This sentence doesn’t tell us anything about your personality other than some basic info about what colors mean different things in society today – but every single person knows those facts already! So instead try saying something along these lines:”My favorite color isn’t blue.” Now there’s nothing left unspoken here since everybody knows what being neutral usually means when talking about private matters like preferences

Use “you” language

Use “you” language whenever possible.

  • I am talking to you. You are listening to me. This is a speech about public speaking, but it’s also about you and your audience, so let’s start there!
  • WeWe are all here together in this room because we want to learn more about public speaking, so let’s do that together!

Connect with your audience by moving around and making eye contact.

The most important thing you can do when public speaking is connect with your audience. The best way to do this is to move around and make eye contact with everyone in the room. You should use hand gestures to emphasize points, and if you’re using a pointer or slide show, use it to highlight the most important information. Body language is also very important—if you want people to listen closely, nod your head as you speak, but don’t stare at them constantly!

That would make them feel uncomfortable! Instead, alternate between making eye contact with different people and looking away while speaking. It’s easy for a speaker who uses too much body language (like waving her arms around) or relies too heavily on your voice alone (hearing only one side of an argument) not only makes you look silly but also prevent us from getting all sides of an argument before drawing conclusions about its validity.”

3 things you can do to make public speaking easier and more rewarding.

  1. Know your goal:
  • Know what you want to achieve with your speech. Your speech may be to motivate and inspire, inform, or persuade the audience to take a certain action. To accomplish this goal, you will need to tailor each of your sections (introduction, body, conclusion) in order to appeal specifically to each section of the audience.

2. Know your audience:

  • Who are they? How many of them are there? What do they want to gain from your speech? What are their backgrounds in terms of education level and occupation/profession etc.? If possible try not only knowing but also meeting them as well.

3. Know your message:

  • You need clear goals for this part as well; otherwise, it will sound like gibberish when delivered live on stage or recorded in video presentation format like YouTube videos or Google Hangouts which could go viral worldwide if done correctly if luck would have it one day!


I hope this post helped you figure out how to set goals and write a speech that will inspire your audience. Public speaking is a great way to build confidence, connect with others, share your knowledge and experience, and grow as a person.

If you want to gain confidence in your public speakig skills, contact us for our Public Speaking Blueprint!

What are the tips for public speaking?

Research your topic, know your audience, and remain confident.